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Living Lab - Madrid

The city lab includes two south-eastern districts (Puente de Vallecas and Villa de Vallecas), with 328,000 inhabitants. In both districts the share of non- motorized trips is significantly lower (22% and 15%) than the city average (32%); in Puente de Vallecas the car share is 26%, and in Villa de Vallecas it reaches 38%, compared to a city average of 29%.

City Factfile

City area605.77 km2
Population3,165,883 (1-1-2016)
Population density794 inh/km2
ClimateCold semi-arid climate with continental influences
Gender53%/47% (F/M)
Life expectancy84
Car ownership457 cars / 1000 inhabitants
Accidents (2015)

24 deaths, 11,723 accidents (8,6% in city lab)

Elderly population (65 and above)

Madrid: 20,4%

Puente de Vallecas: 18,6%

Villa de Vallecas: 12%

Madrid Today

Modal Share


2014; considering those 14 years old and above

     Non-motorised trips

     Public transport trips

     Private car trips





Improved conditions for sustainable mobility through:
  • Pilot parking with priority to HOVs.
  • Increased safety for walking and cycling, through the involvement of residents in the selection of measures.
The quality of public transport in the city lab will be improved:
  • Focus on the connectivity of the districts with other peripheral neighbourhoods:
  • New hybrid buses to improve energy consumption and to reduce perceived noise levels 
Increased attractiveness for sustainable mobility in suburban districts.

Citizens' involvement will be encouraged:

  • Design and assessment of safety improvement options
  • Design of interventions encouraging cycling and walking.
  • Autonomous mobility for vulnerable groups (children and the elderly).
Clean and efficient urban logistics.
  • At least 20 tested e-vehicles joining the municipal fleet and 5 urban delivery companies testing e-vehicles
  • A new consolidation centre linked to the use of electric vehicles, with 90 t/year CO2eq  emissions reduction
  • A prototype of clean cargo vehicle adapted to the specific needs of Madrid's urban delivery, with 60% CO2eq  emissions reduction

Transport Infrastructure

Car network

Total city network: 3,000 km. 63% with AADT (Average Annual Daily Traffic) below 10,000 veh./day, carrying only 15% of total daily traffic demand.

The remaining 37% of the network with AADT above 10,000 veh/day, carrying 85% of total demand in veh-km.

Cycling network (2016 data)

Segregated ("vía ciclista"): 302 km

Non-segregated ("ciclocarril"): 155 km

Segregated under construction (operational by 31/12/2016): 31 km

Public transport network (2014 data) 

Metro system: 287 km (about 30% outside the municipality boundaries), 12 lines, 240 stops network, 566.7 million journeys per year

Municipal bus system: 1531.7 km network, 204 lines with total lines length of 3621 km, 4630 stops network, 402.2 million journeys per year 

Suburban railway: 391 km network, 9 lines with total length of 778.3 km, 92 stations (34 stations within the municipality), 181.9 million journeys per year

Light Rail and tram system: 35.5 km network, 4 lines, 56 network stations, 13.9 million journeys per year 


Madrid after ECCENTRIC

  • 6% reduction of car travel in Madrid, related to those using the new HOV parking management scheme

  • Achieve a modal share of 2% for bicycle trips in the lab area

  • Increasing the modal share for walking by 6% in the lab area

  • 10-30% decrease of average speed in living lab after safety plans implementation

  • 50% of reduction in accidents with injuries in the lab area.

  • 10% increase in commercial speed and 9% increase in regularity levels in the new high level bus corridor.

  •  6 new hybrid buses providing 30% energy consumption savings, and noise reduction.

  • 3 pedestrian interventions and 3 traffic safety plans at the neighbourhood level based on a participatory design process. 

  • 8% decrease in the number of children travelling to the school by car in the city lab. 

  • 20 electric vehicles introduced in Madrid’s municipal fleet.

  • 5 urban delivery companies testing e-vehicles in their fleets. 

  • 30% reduction of km-goods, thanks to the implementation of a consolidation centre linked to the use of electric vehicles in Madrid.

  • Ultra low emission electric-natural gas distribution vehicle developed and tested in Madrid.

  • In Madrid, ECCENTRIC will drive the CO2 reduction foreseen in the Air Quality Plan, targeting 51,100 tonnes/year in the laboratory area, with an upscaling potential of 134,500 tonnes in the whole suburban area.