Madrid, the capital of Spain and the most populated city in the country, is promoting public transport and active mobility in a bid to reduce air pollution and heavy car traffic. The city is strongly committed to more sustainable and innovative mobility. For this reason, Madrid presented its Madrid 360 Strategy in September 2019. The Strategy was created to reduce the city's pollutant emissions to comply with the EU limit values. The Strategy is the building base from which the different policy blocks will be developed. The following regulations have been approved: the Air Quality and Sustainability Ordinance (approved in March 2021) and the Sustainable Mobility Ordinance (approved in September 2021). And the New Sustainable Mobility Plan is expected to be approved in 1st half of 2022.
Among the different measures that Madrid is implementing, the most important are: the promotion of public transport and renovation of urban buses, promotion of active mobility, and intermodality. Madrid is actively encouraging a shift to more sustainable modes of transport, Madrid counts on a wide and well-functioning public and private bike-sharing scheme, electric mopeds and e-scooters, shared electric cars, etc.
Additionally, Madrid is implementing low-emission zones. The whole city will be declared a LEZ in 2025. And two low emission zones of special protection have also been established in the two areas with the greatest pollution problems. Madrid is also working on the optimization of the urban freight distribution, providing technological solutions to enable a more sustainable delivery and promoting micro hubs where freight is delivered by e-cargo bikes.