Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) play a significant role in the ‘Modelling Emerging Transport Solutions for Urban Mobility’ (MOMENTUM) project, which uses various ITS technologies to help gather data on traditional and emerging mobility solutions. An overview of these results and datasets allow the project to understand mobility patterns – current and emerging – to better support cities in facing and embracing a changing mobility landscape.
The three-year, EU-funded MOMENTUM project focuses on the impact of disruptive technologies and emerging mobility solutions – such as ‘Mobility-as-a-Service’ (MaaS) and ‘Connected Automated Vehicles’ (CAV) – on urban mobility and urban transport planning. The project, which started in May 2019, is developing new transport models and planning support tools to predict the effects of new transport options on the urban mobility eco-system.
Three essential ITS technologies are of particular importance for MOMENTUM: digital mobility solutions, such as MaaS; personal and vehicular floating data, like mobile phone data and GPS; as well as physical ITS infrastructure, such as vehicle recognition that help regulate access of urban geographical areas.
This variety of sensors and data are helping experts to measure parking availability, traffic volumes and speeds, the position of public transport vehicles and other parameters. In parallel, the digital traces left by personal geolocated devices, such as mobile phones and public transport smart cards, allow the reconstruction of mobility patterns for large segments of the population. These data ultimately support decision-makers in urban environments to harness the potential of new modes of transport and emerging mobility solutions.
Those cities pioneering the deployment of new mobility services and data collection methods constitute an ideal test bed for conducting much-needed empirical research on new mobility patterns and transport solutions. MOMENTUM is exploiting these opportunities to help European cities face the challenges associated with the new and increasingly complex urban mobility landscape.
What’s more, this research has already helped local municipalities; during the COVID-19 pandemic, cities in which project partners closely cooperate with the municipality found MOMENTUM research to be a significant help in creating ad hoc mobility solutions. In MOMENTUM case study cities, emerging mobility solutions were increasingly used. For example, the MOMENTUM partner in Thessaloniki (Greece) was able to track driving behaviour of users of free-floating bicycles, which has helped to select locations for temporary bike lanes, installed in response to the pandemic.