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Seamless changes door to door

Urban congestion can be addressed by encouraging high-quality and innovative energy efficient public transport, including integration with other transport modes.

In the field of collective passenger transport CIVITAS cities have worked on accessibility; service improvements; better ticketing and tariffing; and intermodality. This highlightfocuses on the latter of these.

Intermodality measures cover infrastructure investments such as stops or terminals that link multiple modes of transport, such as bicycles, private cars and public transport. Forbusy corridors, automatic people mover (APM) systems can add an efficient link to the intermodal trip chain. These measures can include electric driverless vehicles run on dedicated infrastructure and designed to provide scheduled, high-frequency urban connections. Coherency between parking policy and public transport infrastructure and good park and ride (P&R) facilities are essential to encourage the use of alternative transport modes. Intermodality measures often entail public-private co-operation.

CIVITAS encourages new ways to maximise the potential of local public transportsystems. The Initiative has therefore realised 27 innovative measures in 20 different cities improving intermodality of public transport from 2002 to 2012. Read the CIVITAS highlight on intermodality to learn about some of the most successful and eye-catching among these to inspire other European cities.