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Mobility Measure

Electric vehicles and clean fuels in public transport and urban fleets

This measure consists of conducting several pilots, including evaluating the performance of electric buses, testing an eco-drive system and tyre pressure monitoring system, and demonstrating photovoltaic systems. The aim is to evaluate and test the transition from a diesel fleet to a more sustainable electric one and test systems that promote more energy efficiency in PT and the safety and comfort of PT users. This measure will be coordinated by AREAM, together with local partners.

Implementing sustainable mobility

Demonstration programme for electric or hybrid vehicles in public transport fleets

Three pilots have taken place so far. The first was with a standard electric bus in 2017, and the other two with electric minibus in September 2018 and August 2019. Horários do Funchal and the regional agency for energy and environment in Madeira (AREAM) twice visited the factories where the buses are produced, as well as other  public transport operators engaging in good practices.

With the support of the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), Horários do Funchal will eventually have five mini electric buses operating in Funchal's city centre. This will increase both accessibility and air quality within the city.

Eco-driving programme

Bus drivers started testing the new eco-drive system in Januaray 2018 to ensure they are comfortable using it before its introduction to vehicles in the PT fleet. System calibrations were required to adapt it and the related alerts to the specific road conditions in Madeira (i.e. steep and narrow roads).

The Horários do Funchal training staff are using the information collected to prepare further driving training sessions and to inform drivers about bad driving habits, for example rapid acceleration and braking.

Tyre pressure monitoring system in service

The tyre management system has been operating since May 2018. Driving safely and efficiently is directly related to the condition of the tyres. Buses with under-inflated tyres consume more fuel, emit more carbon dioxide, and most importantly make the vehicle less safe to drive.

The system helps reduce costs, increase energy efficiency and increase driving and vehicle safety. Horários do Funchal has already noticed that the bus tyres buses installed with this system are lasting longer.

Predictive analysis of potential bus faults

In May 2019, devices were installed in 41 buses for collecting and securely streaming high-volume vehicle data in real-time.

The expected advantages are numerous: early fault detection enabling decreased vehicle downtime and better operational predictability; real-time monitoring of the remaining lifespan of parts and systems; and reduced repair and maintenance costs.

The installation required the calibration of system alerts that take into account the specificities of the types of buses and the roads in Madeira.

The first results show that the the tool has been for vehicle maintenance, as it has helped prevent more serious breakdowns. In some cases, when a serious alert is triggered during a service, the bus returns immediately to the bus station, thereby avoiding accidents or more substantial mechanical damage.

Photovoltaic support system development and demonstration

Horários do Funchal and AREAM analysed possible integration between the photovoltaic (PV) system and current bus technology. A pilot test will be carried out with two buses, in which photovoltaic panels will be installed to feed the buses' auxiliary systems.

The energy collected will power electrical equipment and charge the buses' batteries, thus preventing potential motor overload induced by alternators for the production of electric energy.  It will also reduce fuel consumption.

In July 2019, the PV system supplier visited HF to conduct a training with mechanics and electricians. This demonstrated how the equipment worked and how it should be installed, thereby enabling them to perform PV equipment installations in the futire.

Implementation Status

The measure is in operation and data for evaluation is being collected.

More information

  • Demonstration report of e.City Gold Electric Bus in the Autonomous Region of Madeira - PDF
  • Demonstration report of Karsan Jest Electric Bus in the Autonomous Region of Madeira - PDF

Videos:

  • Demonstration of  e.City Gold Electric Bus in the Autonomous Region of Madeira: short version | long version  (EN subtitles)
  • Demonstration of  Karsan Jest Electric Bus in the Autonomous Region of Madeira | link video 

Partners

  • Supplier of Eco-driving programme - website.
  • Supplier of tyre pressure monitoring system - website
  • Supplier of predictive analysis of bus potential faults - website
  • Supplier of PV support system - website.

What were the outcomes of the measure?

  • Less pollution
  • Less energy consumption and more use of cleaner and alternative fuels
  • Less noise

Basic Information

MAD 7.1
Implemented
December 2016

Thematic Areas