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Research Projects

Developing new knowledge related to transport

The research projects run under CIVITAS 2020 focus on establishing new knowledge or exploring the feasibility of a new or improved technology, product, process, service or solution related to transport

The following may be included if they aim to demonstrate:

  • the technical feasibility of cleaner, better transport options for cities;
  • basic and applied research;
  • the development and integration of technology;
  • and testing and validation in small-scale demonstrations or pilot activities.

Sustainable urban mobility plans


CIVITAS SUMP-PLUS is helping towns and cities of all sizes and at varying stages of development to enhance their  SUMP and SULP implementation process and address diverse mobility challenges.

It will achieve this by working in co-creation laboratories in six cities - Antwerp (Belgium), Alba Iulia (Romania), Greater Manchester (UK), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Lucca (Italy), and Platanias (Greece).

In some labs, groups of citizens will develop context-specific mobility transformation pathways. For local authorities with no SUMP and lacking the resources to produceone, SUMP-PLUS is developing a “SUMP-lite” approach.

The labs further along on their SUMP journey will test new, innovative solutions for more efficient and sustainable freight and passenger transport.

The project will also forge stronger links with other urban system components, such as education, health and land-use planning. Finally, new partnerships and business models will be tested that allow mobility objectives to be met cost effectively through public-private partnerships.

Following intensive application, demonstration and evaluation, this rigorous evidence base will inspire practical guidance tools and a comprehensive training programme.

Through these actions, SUMP-PLUS is laying the foundations for a new generation of SUMP cities and putting mobility where it belongs – at the heart of sustainable urban transformation.


Despite good parking management proving to be beneficial in fostering sustainable urban mobility in cities, it remains one of the most underdeveloped policy areas linked to Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs).

Park4SUMP aims to change this by considering parking management as part of wider urban development strategies and, in turn, as something that not only benefits urban mobility but also enhances the overall quality of life in cities.

Good parking management can help free up public space, support local businesses, reduce journey times, generate revenue, and ultimately make cities more attractive.

In Park4SUMP, 16 cities have teamed up to demonstrate and transfer the benefits of strategically and smartly managed parking.

Five Leading Cities - Vitoria Gasteiz (Spain), Rotterdam (the Netherlands), Freiburg (Germany), Krakow (Poland) and Trondheim (Norway) - will share their knowledge of barriers to and enablers of  effective parking policy with 11 Follower Cities from across Europe. This intense exchange will inspire cities to act and promote mutual learning, regardless of experience.

The Follower Cities are Sint-Niklaas (Belgium), Slatina (Romania), Sofia (Bulgaria), Tallinn (Estonia), Zadar (Croatia), Shkodra (Albania), Lisboa (Portugal), Gdansk (Poland), La Rochelle (France), Reggio Emilia (Italy), and Umeå (Sweden).

Visit the Park4SUMP website for details.

Coordinators: Patrick Auwerx -; Laurens Vander Kuylen -


Sustainble neighbourhood mobility planning



Sustainable Urban Neighbourhoods – Research and Implementation Support in Europe

The Sunrise project will develop new participatory tools to facilitate collaborative ways to address mobility challenges at the neighbourhood level. The project’s mission is therefore to develop, implement, assess and facilitate co-learning about new, collaborative ways to address common local urban mobility challenges through “neighbourhood mobility labs”. These laboratories will lay the foundation for the Sustainable Neighbourhood Mobility Planning (SNMP) which in turn builds on the Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning (SUMP) concept.

These solutions will be tested in the six SUNRISE neighbourhood cities of Bremen, Budapest, Jerusalem, Malmo, Southend-on-Sea and Thessaloniki.

With the support of the project’s partners; urbanista, Rupprecht Consult, Polis, Edinburgh Napier University – Transport Research Institute, Zaragoza Logistics Center and Koucky & Partners, the SUNRISE cities’ neighbourhoods will run a highly participatory “co-creation” process with their residents and stakeholders to identify local needs, develop new transport solutions, implement and evaluate them.

SUNRISE will also seek cooperation with its “sister” projects Cities4People, METAMORPHOSIS and MUV that are funded under the same call and offer great potential for cooperation and exchange of experiences.

Contact 1: Project Coordinator: Ralf Brand, Rupprecht Consult -

Visit SUNRISE for more details.



CIVITAS Handshake

CIVITAS Handshake will support the transfer and take-up of successful cycling measures developed by three pioneering and world-class Cycling Capitals - Copenhagen (Denmark), Amsterdam (the Netherlands) and Munich (Germany) - to ten further EU cities.

Areas of focus include cycling policy and planning, infrastructure design, modelling and assessment, and awareness and education. Many cities have partial knowledge in some of these areas, but only a few - such as the Cycling Capitals - have already developed an holistic approach.

Under Handshake, cycling knowledge and expertise will be shared through transfer processes and mentoring programmes that will themselves help shape best practice. Innovation has not always reached the cities who would stand to gain the most from it – the Handshake methods are seeking to change this.

The ten Future Cycling Capitals that will immediately benefit from working with Handshake's Cycling Capitals and project experts are Bordeaux (France), Bruges (Belgium), Cadiz (Spain), Dublin (Ireland), Greater Manchester (UK),  Helsinki (Finland), Krakow (Poland), Riga (Latvia), Rome (Italy) and Torino (Italy).

These cities are drawn from diverse geographical, socioeconomic and planning contexts that will help maximise learning beyond Handshake as the project matures.

By helping make urban environments more suitable and enjoyable places for using bikes as an everyday mode of transport, Handshake will help maximise cycling’s modal share and realise the common goals of managing congestion and improving public safety and health.

Visit the Handshake website for more details.

The project is set to run until August 2022.

Coordinator – Mario Gualdi -



MEISTER aims to change the paradigm in the electromobility market by providing interoperable platforms and services for easy, convenient, and barrier-free access to charging, billing and smart grid service, whilst also increasing the use of renewable energy sources and self-generation methods to power electric vehicles (EVs).

The project will also demonstrate and establish innovative business models that will help cities, charging infrastructure operators and e-mobility service providers to reduce costs for EV infrastructure deployment, thereby facilitating large-scale EV usage/ownership.

MEISTER is expected to increase the demand for EVs by 15%, reduce the installation costs of EVSE infrastructure by 20%, and help reduce charging prices by 20%. MEISTER will work with cities  in Southern, Central and Northern Europe - Málaga (Spain), Berlin (Germany), and Gothenburg (Sweden) - to test and validate its results.

Contact: Patricia Bellver Muñoz -

Visit MEISTER's website for more details.


The overall objective of the GreenCharge project is to convincingly demonstrate how technological solutions and associated business models can be integrated and deployed to overcome barriers to wide-scale adoption of EVs. The project takes important steps to achieving one of the dreams of a modern city: a zero-emission transport system based on electric vehicles running on green energy, with air pollution, traffic jams and parking problems becoming things of the past. 

Electric motors may make the wheels go round, but money makes the world go round. GreenCharge is therefore devising and testing business models that encourage use of electric vehicles and sharing of energy resources, allowing all those involved to cooperate in an economically viable way. 

GreenCharge is testing all of these innovations in three  pilots in Barcelona, Bremen and Oslo. Together, these pilots cover a wide variety of factors: vehicle type (scooters, cars, buses), ownership model (private, shared individual use, public transport), charging locations (private residences, workplaces, public spaces, transport hubs), energy management (using solar power, load balancing at one charging station or within a neighborhood, battery swapping), and charging support (booking, priority charging). 

Coordinator - Joe Gorman -

Visit GreenCharge's website for more details.

Clean urban freight

City Changer Cargo Bike

CityChangerCargoBike (CCCB) is a project that looks to exploit the potential of cargo bikes to improve the image and general levels of cycling and enhance air quality, safety levels and liveability in urban areas.

Previous projects CycleLogistics and CycleLogistics Ahead showed that cargo bikes have the potential to achieve real progress in these areas. Building on their success, CCCB will develop and implement schemes to prove that the introduction and application of cargo bikes can be a true game changer for urban mobility.
CCCB is committed to increase and accelerate their take-up. By assessing the very best examples of cargo bike implementation across Europe, over the course of the next three years CCCB will capitalise on the lessons learned and replicate them successfully on a larger scale.

CCCB will deploy financial schemes and engage in campaigns to make cargo bikes common in 100 European cities. Interested citizens and stakeholders in partner cities will be reached through webinars, conferences, workshops, and living labs.
Over 20 partner cities, research institutes, NGOs and industry are taking part in the three-year project.

Visit the CityChangerCargoBike website for more details.

Coordinator: Susanne Wrighton -  


LEAD will create Digital Twins of urban logistics networks in six cities in TEN-T urban Nodes, namely Madrid (Spain), The Hague (the Netherlands), Budapest (Hungary), Lyon (France), Oslo (Norway) and Porto (Portugal).

These will test and represent different innovative solutions for city logistics to address the requirements of the on-demand economy, while aligning competing interests and creating value for all different stakeholders in a public-private setting.

Each value case will allow for the development of solutions for shared, connected, and low-emission logistics operations, empowered by an adaptive modelling approach and the Digital Twin models. Agent-based models will be used to enable logistics stakeholders to recognise their roles and business models, including relevant operational, tactical, and strategic decisions in the Digital Twin, mirroring value cases in city life.

The long-term vision of LEAD is to design an open, physical internet-inspired framework for smart city logistics that incorporates the created Digital Twins, laying the foundations for the development of large-scale city Digital Twins.

Coordinator: Irene Blazquez Jimenez -; Dissemination Manager: Giacomo Lozzi,

Visit LEAD'S website for more details.



The SENATOR project aims to create a new urban logistics model focused on the four layers of an urban logistics system: the end-receiver, transport, logistics and infrastructure.

For this purpose, the project is developing a smart network operator, which is supported on an ICT platform for integrated logistics operations. The platform will act on four levels in an integrated manner, taking into account demand, the fleet and its multimodal options, intelligent route planning, and urban infrastructure analysis.
This will optimise freight delivery services in urban areas, reducing the number and distance of delivery routes. This is made possible by the provision of real-time information, and predictions and planning optimisation based on Artificial Intelligence algorithms.

Moreover, it will connect freight delivery services and collection points and integrate all freight delivery requirements into urban planning. In turn, this will minimise the negative impacts that this distribution causes in cities and help facilitate collaboration between the various actors involved in urban freight.

In order to test its effectiveness, SENATOR’s work will be validated in in two “Living Labs”: Dublin (Ireland) and Zaragoza (Spain).
Coordinator: Santiago Munoz -; Dissemination Manager: Ana Lumbreras -

Vist the SENATOR website for more details.

Urban Vehicle Access Regulations


The goal of ReVeAL is to add Urban Vehicle Access Regulations (UVAR) to the standard range of urban mobility transition approaches of cities across Europe. The EU-funded R&I ReVeAL project looks at this hot topic for the first time since the CURACAO project (ending a decade ago).

The overarching mission of the project is to enable cities to optimise urban space and transport network usage through new and integrated packages of urban vehicle access policies and technologies. Such policies can lead to fewer emissions, less noise and improved accessibility and quality of life, which especially benefits the people living in these cities. These policies can also encourage more sustainable transport choices, enabling cities to become more liveable, ultimately healthier and more attractive for every member of society.

To this end, ReVeAL combines conceptual work and case study research with hands-on UVAR implementation in six pilot cities, as well as systematic stakeholder interaction through professional communication activities.

Visit the ReVeaAL website for more details.

Project Coordinator:, Dissemination Manager: Maria José Rojo:

Emerging Transport Solutions


HARMONY’s name stands for “Holistic Approach for Providing Spatial & Transport Planning Tools and Evidence to Metropolitan and Regional Authorities to Lead a Sustainable Transition to a New Mobility Era”. Its consortium gathers 21 members from nine different countries who will work together for the three-and-a-half years that the project is running.

The project’s vision is to enable metropolitan area authorities to lead a sustainable transition to a new low-carbon mobility era. This will be possible thanks to its spatial and multimodal transport planning tools. Consequently, these models will inform suitable recommendations to be implemented in different urban scenarios.

HARMONY will test its solutions in six different cities and metropolitan areas, namely Rotterdam (the Netherlands), Oxfordshire (UK), Athens (Greece), Turin (Italy), Trikala (Greece), and Katowice (Poland).

Real-life testing will include demonstrations with drones and autonomous vehicles at the service of citizens’ needs. In addition, HARMONY will provide appropriate training for public officials in order to close the gap between understanding and planning the mobility of the future.

Visit the HARMONY website for details.

Project Coordinator: Maria Kamargianni,; Dissemination Coordinator: Francesc Rosinés,


Disruptive technologies and emerging mobility solutions such as MaaS (Mobility as a Service), CAVs (Connected Automated Vehicles), new shared mobility services and demand responsive transport, are bringing radical changes to urban mobility.

The goal of MOMENTUM is to develop a set of new data analysis methods, transport models and planning support tools to capture the impact of these new transport options on the urban mobility ecosystem, in order to support cities in the task of designing the right policy mix to exploit the full potential of these emerging mobility solutions.

Starting in May 2019, the project will run for three years.

Visit the MOMENTUM website for more details.

Project Coordinator: Irene Blázquez, Dissemination Manager: Maria José Rojo:


The rapidly changing urban mobility environment – characterised by emerging business models, new technologies, and disruptive innovations – represents a considerable challenge for urban mobility policy making.

Previously tested urban mobility policy responses are not adequate to address the transition underway and to address today’s societal challenges and issues related to citizens’ everyday lives and businesses’ requirements.

It is in this complex scenario that the SPROUT project (Sustainable Policy RespOnse to Urban Mobility Transition) comes into action. Its main objective is to put cities at the centre of the urban mobility transition.

By building on the solutions to urban mobility challenges - related to both passenger transport and urban freight logistics - developed by six pilot cities (Valencia, Padua, Kalisz, Budapest, Tel Aviv, Ningbo), the work of the project will be focused on producing new and practice-based knowledge and tools.

Such knowledge and tools will contribute to an evidence-based and innovative policy response to disruptive innovations in mobility.

Visit the SPROUT website for more details.

Project Coordinator: Maria Teresa de la Cruz,; Dissemination Manager: Maria José Rojo,

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