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Mobility Measure

A common Elba SUMP for residents and tourists

This measure aims to develop a SUMP for Elba in order to improve mobility for residents and tourists.

Implementing sustainable mobility


Elba's Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) aims to achieve the following objectives:

  • Increase the overall accessibility on Elba and the quality of the transportation services offered by implementing an efficient and affordable public transport (PT) service for tourists and residents;
  • Decrease car trips and increase of the use of collective shared mobility services;
  • Reduce congestion and CO2 emissions;
  • Release the “Sustainable Elba Mobility Covenant” among the seven different municipalities on Elba (SEMC).

The main steps to achieve this are the following:

  • Identification of the baseline and the main common objectives;
  • Analysis and definition of user needs (tourists and residents) and the different elements of of the transport offer;
  • Kick-start discussions among all relevant stakeholders;
  • Identification of the most suitable solutions for individual and collective mobility, logistics, and PT services;
  • Definition of the support conditions, organisation and the related costs (investment and operation/maintenance);
  • A cost-benefit analysis;
  • Definition of a common normative framework, initially focusing on the access regulations for the city centre and parking policies;
  • Evaluation of the economic and environmental impacts;
  • Discussion and selection of the appropriate measures;
  • Definition of a road map for SUMP approval by all municipalities on the island of Elba (SEMC).

Photo credit: Elbasharing

How did the measure progress?

The first step was the implementation of the baseline together with ISINNOVA. The data collected was provided by the main transport operators (bus, ferry), the Port Authority, the municipal police, the national authority for demographic and statistical analysis (Istat), and by local and provincial offices and portal for touristic accommodation.

Through the aforementioned data collection, an Open Data Layer has been created. This should be updated regularly in upcoming years and be available for all project measures to draw on, particularly the establishment of the Shared Elba Mobility Agency.

Afterwards, a map of local and regional stakeholders was drawn up and dedicated meetings organised with them. This was done to identify a common vision for future mobility on the island and to determine the main changes needed and how to achieve them.

Between 2017 and 2018, two participation laboratories were organised that targeted active citizens and local NGOs. A “Future lab” was also organised in Portoferraio and Rio – this was open to all stakeholders.

Various stakeholders were present at all the meetings, including the Tuscany Region; the Province of Livorno; other island municipalities; the Tuscan Archipelago National Park; local PT and private operators; local NGOs and media; trade associations; members of the public; and mobility experts.

At the end of this audit process, the main necessary changes were identified. These were based on three main pillars:

  1. Access to the island;
  2. Mobility services on the island; and,
  3. Private mobility on the island.

A draft SUMP has been elaborated, with a particular focus to the following objectives:

  • Decrease the number of the incoming tourists arriving by private car;
  • Improve the local airport;
  • Improve information services regarding public transport
  • Enhance the integration of mobility services;
  • Increase e-mobility;
  • Improve conditions for cycling.

As of October 2019, the draft SUMP document has been shared with each of the municipalities on Elba for comment.

What were the outcomes of the measure?

Aside from the completion of the draft SUMP, a public discussion was triggered and a deliberation process initiated that involved relevant stakeholders and citizens. 

This process has served as the basis for drafting Elba's SUMP.

Two reference documents are of particular relevance to the measure:

  1. Report on the two participation laboratories (“Elba condivisa. Laboratorio di Partecipazione” – 2017);
  2. Elba’s draft SUMP (“Il Piano Elbano per la Mobilità Sostenibile”, 2018).

Basic Information

ELB 2.1
March 2017

Thematic Areas