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Living Lab - Limassol


Limassol has been a popular tourist destination since the 1970s. It attracts between 300,000 to 400,000 visitors annually, which is around twice its population. Even though efforts are made to establish Limassol as a year-round destination, tourists primarily visit between the months of May and October. This fact imposes great pressure on the city’s mobility services. It leads to increased traffic and street noise, lack of sufficient parking spaces, unnecessary trips due to lack of parking, and other related challenges.

City Factfile



Population (urban)180.000
Population (rural)57,000
Population density170.1/km2 (360 /sq mi)
Gender balanceFemale: 51,7%
Male: 48,3%
Average life expectancy (women)83,5
Average life expectancy (men)79,8
Car ownership rate

95% of adult population

AccidentsApprox. 900-1100 car accidents p.a.

Limassol Today

Modal Share


     Bicycles (10%)

     Pedestrians (6%)

     Public transport (10%)

     Cars and others (74%)







  • Increase the use of the urban public transport by tourists and locals
  • Increase the use of rural public transport by tourists, to encourage visits to the countryside
  • Increase cycling in combination with special interest tourism
  • Decrease the number of cars in the old town
  • Decrease congestion
  • Increase interest in walking and cycling routes
  • Decrease noise level and improvement of air quality
  • Encourage tourists to explore the region using economic and sustainable modes
  • Encourage locals to use sustainable modes in their travels

Transport Infrastructure

Car network


Cycling network

186km (cycling paths and lanes)

Public transport network

170,2km excluding rural areas

Limassol after CIVITAS

  • Reduce carbon emissions by approx. 320383.188 t
  • Reduce 335 decibels of traffic noise across the city
  • Reduce energy consumption by 24398.64902MWh
  • Free 2187000m2 of space and 2% of footpaths 
  • Increase the total share of citizens that use public transport 
  • Attract more people with disabilities to visit the beach: approx. 200
  • Improve urban accessibility
  • Enhance social cohesion
  • Boost active mobility: 4800 new cyclists in two years
  • Siginificant savings due to less fuel expenditure: 2079233l/€2681930
  • Improve safety and security for pedestrians
  • Change habits of local people and tourists