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Demand Management Strategies

CIVITAS Insight 04 - Developing less congested and safer roads by managing parking (download)

Demand management strategies (DMS) can reduce traffic congestion and optimize road space utilization through a variety of regulatory measures and economic incentives and disincentives.

DMS within CIVITAS are based upon access restrictions or road pricing schemes to enter the inner city and/or other sensitive areas.

Access and pricing options may be focused on certain categories of vehicles like coaches, trucks or pollutant vehicles or extended to all vehicle categories like for car-free zones, congestion charging and mobility credit schemes.

The thematic group also focuses on the strategic and operative management of parking spaces and traffic rules (parking tariffs, signaling, temporary schemes for road works and events).

More information

For more information on demand management, contact Jan-Willem van der Pas, and to join the group, click on the banner on the right-hand side on this page. Take a look at the cities, which are already members of this thematic group, and view resources relevant to members below.

Submitted by Fred DOTTER on 12/01/2016

The sixth CIVITAS Insight is now available, giving information on access management and its ability to make road space safer and give priority to cleaner, more sustainable modes (download the CIVITAS Insight 06 here)

Submitted by Fred DOTTER on 30/11/2015

With this CIVITAS Insight, the CIVITAS CAPITAL project wants to emphasise the importance of active travel modes, such as walking.

As we are interested to get your views and ideas by 15 December 2015, all members of this Thematic Group have the possibility to contribute to the content of this CIVITAS Insight. If you are interested to contribute, please send an e-mail to to get access to the CIVITAS Exchange Hub, the location for in-development files.

vanderpas's picture
Submitted by Jan-Willem Van der Pas on 18/11/2015

Dear all,

Please find the newly published CIVITAS Insight 04 - Developing less congested and safer roads by managing parking (download)
Author: Fred Dotter (Mobiel 21)

Strategic management of parking can dissuade some car users from driving to highly congested places or during peak times and encourage the use of more sustainable modes. Considering the needs of residents, ensuring that quality travel options exist, and providing education on the benefits of parking management are crucial to the measure’s success.

Kind regards

Submitted by Bruno Duarte on 27/07/2015

The Mount Hope-Breithaupt Park Neighbourhood Association persuaded the city to place an eye-grabbing mural smack in the middle of the intersection. The hope is the artwork, now part of a pilot traffic project, will make drivers focus and navigate the crossing with caution. (Here’s a 360-degree, street-level view.)

Please refer to:

Submitted by Bruno Duarte on 27/07/2015

EU cities are invited to participate in the sixth edition of the Access City Award - The European Prize for making cities more accessible to people with disabilities and older people.

European cities over 50 000 inhabitants will have the opportunity to present their activities and strategies designed to make cities barrier-free, better places for everyone to live and work.

For more information, please refer to:

SarahMartens's picture
Submitted by Sarah Martens on 08/07/2015

The latest edition of the EPOMM e-update focuses on the synergies between parking management and mobility management measures. It revolves around the “core funding mechanism” described by the European project PUSH & PULL: “Push” parking management measures such as the introduction of paid parking, the increase of fees, or the reduction of supply will push drivers to try out more sustainable transport. The income from parking can be earmarked to finance “Pull” measures, such as improving and promoting sustainable alternatives.


The PUSH & PULL brochure 16 Good Reasons for Parking Management shows that parking management has a very good balance between effectiveness and acceptability as compared to other measures.


Virtually every car trip ends in a parking space. Hence parking management has a signicant impact on the demand for car use and on congestion. 


Moreover, there is a fundamental imbalance between the modal share of the different modes and the amount of space that is allocated to "park" them (for pedestrians, this refers to benches and street cafes for instance).



vanderpas's picture
Submitted by Jan-Willem Van der Pas on 07/07/2015

I recently stumbeled across an interesting BIVEC - lecture that was given by Prof Eliasson. It adresses several cases on the implementation of congestion charging. Although I was not able to be present at the lectures, I think the slides contain some interesting information. For those interested, the slides can be found here

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*** Due to the ongoing public health crisis, this CIVITAS study visit has been postponed until further notice. In the meantime, we hope you all stay safe and healthy! *** The CIVITAS study visit to Madrid (Spain) will focus on new mobility services, together with the promotion of active modes. The v...
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CIVITAS QUOTES: Creating a new mobility framework for cyclists


CIVITAS QUOTES: Congestion charging in Stockholm 


CIVITAS QUOTES: ​Parking Management with subsidies for clean vehicles 


CIVITAS QUOTES: Mobility 2.0 and social media platforms


CIVITAS QUOTES: CIVITAS & Environment - Investments in accessible transport infrastructure and services 


CIVITAS QUOTES: CIVITAS & Environment - dBA scale

Wiki-Facts and Figures-2016-06

CIVITAS FACTS&FIGURES: CIVITAS Plus Demand management strategies measures


CIVITAS QUOTES: CIVITAS & Environment - Environmental zones


CIVITAS QUOTES: CIVITAS & Economy - Road and Parking pricing

Policy Recommendations For EU Sustainable Mobility Concepts based on CIVITAS Experience

The Policy Recommendations present the main findings arising from the evaluation of the CIVITAS Plus Collaborative Projects (CPs), which ran from 2008-2012.

This publication was written under the auspices of the CIVITAS POINTER project, which supported five collaborative projects (CP s) implemented within the framework of the third edition of the CIVITAS programme. Evaluation and monitoring were the key stones of CIVITAS POINTER. Drawing from first-hand, corroborated statistical evidence gathered from participating cities, this publication presents the results of the CIVITAS Plus cross-site evaluation and policy assessment. These findings support the development of clear European-level policy recommendations that have the potential for being embraced by all European cities — not just those which make up the CIVITAS community.

The document seeks to identify factors that can boost the effectiveness and consistency of future strategies, thereby securing greater sustainability in urban mobility patterns. Policy makers are provided with contemporary facts for debating purposes, and a number of conclusions and recommendations based on lessons learnt from CIVITAS Plus are put forward.

First discussion document - Super Cycle Highways (Spring 2014)

This document is prepared as input and discussion document for the first discussion topic for the thematic group “Demand Management Strategies”. Basically CiViTAS defines three key themes:

  • Access management and road pricing
  • Parking management / pricing
  • Walking and Cycling enhancement services

The CiViTaS website offers numerous best practices related to these three topics. We selected a first topic based on a number of criteria (relevancy, urgency, possibility to create synergy with other CiViTAS themes, cros-cultural aspects and a number of practical criteria). Future criteria can be added based on input from thematic group members.

For the first discussion topic we focus on: “the walking and cycling enhancement services”. Cycling is hot and the European Union suggests that cycling should be an integral part of urban mobility policies. The bicycle is considered an alternative to the car for trips less than 5 km and almost half of the trips are under 5 km. One trend that is obviously going on in relation to cycling is electrification of the bicycle, or the introduction of the pedelec. This also makes the bicycle an alternative to cars for longer trips (>15km). A second trend that is related, to this authorities all over Europe are investing in Super Cycle Highways (SCH). Although the definition of SCH’s differ per country (of project), all SCH’s are bike routes where the needs of the cyclist are given priority.

For the first CiViTAS discussion theme we want to focus on different aspects of Super Cycle Highways.  First we introduce three cases: The London Case (Section 2), The Copenhagen Case (Section 3) and the Dutch Case (Section 4). The cases give a short (2-3 pages) introduction into different Super Cycle Highway practices in different countries. In the final section, Section 5, we introduce a first list of discussion topics related to the Super Cycle Highways.



CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

CITY-2-CITY EXCHANGE: Demand management strategies

Second CIVITAS MIMOSA Policy Statement 2010 on Access Management

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Policy Advice Note Access Management, Parking

Cluster Report Access Management, Parking