Lying between the Bohemian-Moravian forested highlands and the fertile South Moravian lowlands with vineyards, Brno offers its residents and visitors a high-quality, attractive natural environment for living, business and recreation. The city is a unique cultural centre for the whole region. There are permanent theatre ensembles, opera, ballet, musical events, and a philharmonic orchestra, as well as a number of museums, galleries and libraries, a recently modernised observatory and planetarium, a zoo and a botanical garden. More than 20 festivals of culture and theatre take place in the city each year. Brno is as well remarkable for its unique architecture including icons of functionalism such as Villa Tugendhat which features on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Dominating historical features of the city are the fortress of Špilberk castle and the Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul. The unique medieval Ossuary under the St. James Church is a new tourist attraction, as well as a complex of underground corridors and cellars running underneath the whole downtown.
Without exaggeration, the Southern Moravia region represents the crossroads of Europe. Since time immemorial, routes travelling from east to west and from north to south have intersected here. The region remains attractive today with its position in the southeast corner of the Czech Republic. Public transport infrastructure of Brno consists of 13 trams (streetcar), 13 trolleybuses, 37 day buses, 11 night bus lines and 1 ship (dam) routes. Service is provided mainly by Dopravní podnik města Brna (Brno Public Transport Company) which is 100% owned by the City of Brno and is internal operator of the public transport. Public transport is a part of the Integrated Public Transport System of the South Moravian Region (IDS JMK), which also includes local trains.
Within CIVITAS 2MOVE2 project City of Brno will focus on the freight logistics in the city centre, innovative parking measures (interconnection of the payment systems with the Public Transport Company, construction of Park & Ride parking facilities) and feasibility study of the emission zoning of Brno. Public Transport Company (DPMB) will focus on reduction of energy intensity of public transport vehicles and extension of bicycle transport service in public transport. Together with the City of Brno it will also focus on electromobility. All these measures will help to make public transport even more attractive, efficient and multimodal.
The Length of the road network in the city of Brno is 970.3 km, including 15 km of motorways (D1, D2). The system includes three levels of motorways and ring roads to avoid through traffic in the city centre:
- First level – system of the motorways and expressways, which are mainly used for transit traffic and serves the outer tangential transport relations.
- Second level – so called Big City Ring: This is the main road to avoid through traffic in the city centre. It also helps to distribute the traffic inside the city. The completing of this system still continues.
- Third level – so called Small City Ring: On the edge of the central zone it helps to distribute the traffic inside the city and to supply services in the city centre with restricted entry for freight transport.
The City of Brno faces the challenge to maintain its relatively high share of public transport and to foster the use of sustainable transport systems. Demographical change is another important issue to be addressed, as a decline of inhabitants and aging of the populations are strong trends, which the city of Brno needs to address in a new spatial plan. The main goal is more sustainable development and the prosperity of the city of Brno connected with the growth of the number of inhabitants. With regards to land use the city needs to make available the new housing areas and also developing areas in the new spatial plan. All these areas have to be well served by PT to ensure that people have access to sustainable modes of transport.
The other important documents for transport planning are general plans for the particular transport modes such as walking, cycling and public transport. There is also a so-called Transport Policy, document approved by City Council. The City of Brno is currently in the phase of the preparation of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP).