The city demonstrates a modal split of 63 percent private vehicles, 5 percent pedestrians, 19 percent cycling, and 13 percent public transport.
The city of Parma has implemented its Sustainable Urban Transport Policy since 1999. This integrated strategic policy covers technological innovation as well as the development of economic incentives to purchase environmentally friendly vehicles. The main goals are to rethink urban mobility by optimizing the use of different transport modes and introducing the slow city model; and to respect mobility rights while carefully managing transport demand. The Urban Mobility Plan was approved in 2006 and revised in 2009.
Implemented measures include the promotion of local public transport; mobility management activities through school projects that aim to reduce car travel (Piedibus, Bicibus and the interscholastic shuttle); the introduction of an intelligent transport system; the use of eco-friendly vehicles (ecologistics); the installation of park and ride facilities; and the establishment of bicycle and car sharing schemes.
More innovative measures have included the installation of electronic barriers to control access to the old town and the introduction of micro-chipped permits to allow disabled people access to restricted areas.
The city is leading an ongoing national programme for converting cars to run on compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas instead of petrol. The programme also supports the construction of facilities for the distribution of methane for public vehicle fleets.
Some of the main challenges confronting the city are connected with improving air quality and reducing air pollution; increasing the fleet of environmentally friendly public transport vehicles; expanding pedestrian zones; and installing electronic barriers for restricted access areas.
The city of Parma works on the implementation of sustainable urban transport measures in cooperation with the trade unions, the public transport company, industrial associations and mobility management companies.
Summary finalized: April 2010