Elba is the biggest island of the Tuscan Archipelago, the largest marine park in Europe. The island is divided into eight municipalities (Portoferraio, Rio Marina, Rio Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana Marina, Marciana, Marina di Campo, Porto Azzurro) of which the Port Towns of Portoferraio e Rio Marina are involved in the projet. The two towns are connected to the main land with three ferry companies: one during winter and two during the summer season: all offering routes between Piombino and the island, one, during summer, even with Corsica (Bastia). There is an airport on the island in Marina di Campo, above all during summer, it is served with flight to Italian mainland and Switzerland. Elba island has a strong tourist industry thanks to its land and sea views and for its culture. Improving island services and particularly transport and mobility of people and goods are the main objectives of the Elba Sharing project.
|Population density||140 /km2 (360 /sq mi)|
|Gender balance||15,730 Men
|Car owners (Livorno)||197,622|
|Car owners (Elba)||20,855|
|Car ownership rate||
650 cars/1000 inh.
Train, tram (2%)
City bus, coach, long-distance bus (13%)
Company busses and schoolbusses (0.40%)
Private car (driver) (59,5%)
Private car (passenger) (3,8%)
Motorbike, scooter (13,42%)
Train, tram (7,60%)
City bus, coach, long-distance bus (13,30%)
Company busses and schoolbusses (5,00%)
Private car (driver) (1,70%)
Private car (passenger) (36,20%)
Motorbike, scooter (3%)
The main aims are: Adoption of sustainable mobility, reduce the use of private car, increase the use of sharing mobility and public transport
Improve overall island attractiveness
Improve cost effectiveness and integration of transport and mobility services
Reduce traffic congestion and related emissions / energy consumption
Improve road safety and quality of public spaces
The island is served by a network of the following roads connecting all over the island:
The island has a network of trails for recreational cyclists' training, trails and dirt roads for mountain bikers and accessible routes for families with children.
Public transport network
The Island of Elba is accessible by ferry from Piombino Marittima, which can be reached by car, train, or bus. Four companies (Toremar, Moby Lines, Blu Navy and Corsica-Sardinia Ferries) provide several ferry services daily during the summer to and from Portoferraio, Rio Marina and Cavo. Access is also possible by airplane to Elba Airport in Marina di Campo. Access is available year-round via frequent bus connections.