We need to reduce dependency on the private car in order to make cities safer, more attractive and economically viable places to live, work and spend leisure time.
This thematic group focusses on the basics of sustainable urban mobility: creating safe and attractive places to walk and cycle. It also looks at measures and solutions which seek to make more efficient and sustainable use of the car through carpooling, car sharing and bike sharing.
Carpooling (also called ride sharing or lift sharing or sometimes - confusingly! - car sharing) involves two or more people travelling together in a car (usually a car owned by the driver of the vehicle) to a shared destination, whereas car sharing allows different people access to the use of a fleet of vehicles (normally owned and maintained by a private company or a cooperative) by booking a vehicle for a defined period of time. Each works best in a different context (urban vs. suburban/rural), addresses different issues (urban space issues vs. pollution and congestion) and serves a different target audience (those who don’t need a car for regular daily journeys vs. those who depend on a car for daily use).
Bike sharing schemes involve making bikes available to the public for short-term use, usually in urban areas. Bike share stations are a visible sign that bikes are welcome in a city. Bike sharing schemes can be part of a package of measures that serves to encourage cycling as a means of transportation in a city.