The versatile livelihood structure, top class selection of education, culture, and services, as well as the beautiful archipelago, form a magnetic combination. Turku is the oldest city in Finland, and the city recently launched a new Turku strategy 2029 including goal of Carbon Neutral Turku by 2040.
|City area||306,4 km2|
|Population||184 000 (2014-2015)|
|Population density||749,5 inh/km2|
|Climate||Humid continental climate with severe winters and warm summers|
|Gender balance||47,5 % Male / 52,5 % Female (2014-2015)|
|Average life expectancy||78,5 years boys/ 84,1 years girls (in Finland 2015)|
|Car ownership rate||471/1000 inhabitants (2014) close to average in Finnish cities|
|Total cars||96 436|
|Marine industry||30% of Finnish marine industry companies are based in the Turku Region|
The Regional Transport System Plan 2035 covering the Turku region (Turku SUMP) aims to achieve a shift (from 52% to 66 % by 2030) towards the use of more sustainable modes of transport including public transport, walking and cycling in Turku and from 30-37% to 40% in other municipalities.
Public transport (9%)
Changes in the mobility pattern have not taken place.
There has not been enough sustainable measures implemented that would have had an impact of the modal share. More efforts are needed to enable the mobility patterns of the inhabitants to change.
There is no clear plan for improving cycling and walking existing.
A plan for cycling and a separate plan for walking needs to be approved, adequantly resourced and implemented. Without these the challenge 1 still remains.
Turku aims to be climate neutral by 2040 and this means also the mobility needs to be climate neutral.
Climate neutrality in mobility requires many measures together with different stakeholders. The city alone cannot achieve this and more focus needs to be put on enabling a larger movement towards climate neutrality.
Turku region is growing and this increases car traffic, therefore congestion is expected to increase.
A new way of thinking mobility as a service is needed to make it possible for inhabitants to live without their own private cars. Measures to support this need to be integrated into the planning practices of the new housing and working areas.
Passenger car ownership: 471 cars per 1000 inhabitants (2014).
The total length of the cycling network in Turku was 368 km in year 2014.
Public transport network
In average every inhabitant in Turku travels only 109 journeys annually by public transport (2014).
In Living lab area “Kupittaa”:
At city level: