People-powered transport first
Local traffic levels can be reduced by implementing demand management strategies based upon economic incentives, regulatory measures including zoning and spatial planning and tele-services.
In the field of demand management strategies, CIVITAS cities worked on access management; road pricing; parking strategies; and walking and cycling enhancements.This highlight offers insights on the last subcategory.
Conditions for walking and cycling can be enhanced by incorporating equitable accessto living spaces into the design of urban areas, for instance through pedestrian zones or shared space concepts. Cycling infrastructure can be upgraded through new cycle routes and improved networks with cycling tunnels, bridges or dedicated lanes. Cycling strategies should also cater for bicycle parking with bicycle racks, secure bike-and-ride facilities and covered storage space. Bike lifts in hilly areas, repair shops and showers can make cycling much more attractive to citizens.
CIVITAS fosters experimentation in demand management measures with a view to spreading lessons learned among cities. The CIVITAS Initiative has realised 27 innovative measures for better walking and cycling facilities in 20 different cities from 2002 to 2012. Read the CIVITAS highlight on walking and cycling to learn about some of the most successful and eye-catching among these to inspire other EU cities.