Local traffic levels can be reduced by implementing demand management strategies based upon economic incentives, regulatory measures including zoning and spatial planning and tele-services.
In the field of demand management strategies, CIVITAS cities worked on access management; road pricing; parking strategies; and walking and cycling enhancements.This highlight offers insights on the last subcategory.
Conditions for walking and cycling can be enhanced by incorporating equitable accessto living spaces into the design of urban areas, for instance through pedestrian zones or shared space concepts.
Cycling infrastructure can be upgraded through new cycle routes and improved networks with cycling tunnels, bridges or dedicated lanes. Cycling strategies should also cater for bicycle parking with bicycle racks, secure bike-and-ride facilities and covered storage space. Bike lifts in hilly areas, repair shops and showers can make cycling much more attractive to citizens.CIVITAS fosters experimentation in demand management measures with a viewto spreading lessons learned among cities.
The CIVITAS Initiative has realised 27 innovative measures for better walking and cycling facilities in 20 different cities from 2002 to 2012. Read the CIVITAS highlight on access management to learn about the most successful and eye-catching among these to inspire other EU cities.
|Access management: Making cycle-friendly neighbourhoods||Bremen||VIVALDI||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Restricting car access to Cork city centre||Cork||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Improving air quality by means of clear zones||Preston||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Planning for clear zones||Preston||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Developing a clear zone in the historical city centre||Ploiesti||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Converting the historical centre into a pedestrian zone||Burgos||CARAVEL||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Residential traffic management (home zones)||Bristol||VIVALDI||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Clean high-quality bus corridors||Genova||CARAVEL||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Integrated access control and road charging scheme||Genova||CARAVEL||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Environmental zone for heavy goods vehicles||Göteborg||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|High-level service bus routes||Lille||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Extending the environmental zone||Praha||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Vehicle emissions testing||Winchester||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Introducing city-centre access management||Venezia||MOBILIS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Creating a clean urban transport area||Gdynia (within CIVITAS I)||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Restricting vehicle access along La Rambla||Barcelona||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|