The measure was divided into two specific parts.
The first part was dealing with parking issues in residential areas with dense development, where the amount of vehicles cannot be reduced and there is no capacity to implement additional parking premises. A typical residential area (Dobětice) was examined and conclusions were generalised to serve other localities in the city. In this sample area, the current parking capacity covers about half of the parking demand. Drivers leave their cars at all locations, regardless the traffic laws (within intersections, on both sides of narrow streets, etc.). Passage for other vehicles is difficult and the road safety level is threatened. These conditions are dangerous especially for pedestrians. The deficit can be balanced only by implementing collective public garages with paid services, although, the residents may not be willing to pay for such secure local parking. For the future, the collective garages, zones of paid parking or additional parking places in long walking distances would have to be implemented.
The second part of the measure was dealing with the critical parking conditions in the city centre. This densely build-up area is overwhelmed with vehicles parking everywhere in the streets. Deep analysis of the existing state was conducted and possible solution were designed, involving implementation of paid parking zones and establishing a system of high-capacity parking garages on the perimeter of the city centre (the P&G scheme).
The solution to the parking scheme in the city centre requires that the following conditions be met: • High-quality public transport • Awareness of the population • Increasing parking capacity (building new collective parking garages)
Only after that will it be possible to introduce paid parking zones. The measures implemented in the centre must be accompanied with measures in its close neighbourhoods to prevent shifting of vehicles to these neighbourhoods. It is also necessary to allow activities of citizens in the centre that require travelling by car, so it is not possible to ban vehicles from the centre completely.
However, to improve its parking scheme, Ústí nad Labem must invest an essential amount of money to increase the number of parking places by implementing P&G facilities. Unfortunately, without investing in such facilities, the situation cannot improve; nor can the city consider the efficiency of the measures in the near future.
Beside the specific proposal for the parking scheme suitable for Ústí nad Labem, the measure involved two practical outputs. Firstly, information leaflets have been prepared and published to explain the current system of paid parking in the city centre. They provide basic information on the method of payment and rates and they contain a lucid map displaying the parking facilities. The leaflet is being distributed to the public and is beneficial for visitors, commuters and local people.
Secondly, sample places for delivery vehicles have been established. These places are identified by vertical and horizontal markings and are designated only for vehicles supplying local shops. Shopkeepers have been instructed on the regulations and they should convey the information to their suppliers. To support this measure, parking discs are being distributed among suppliers.