Termini Station is Rome’s main public transport interchange. The traditional closed circuit television (CCTV) system did not allow for regular and broad real-time monitoring of the images from the high number of cameras in operation. The system was not appropriate for controlling all illegal or dangerous activities, such as assaults, pickpocketing, vandalism, trespassing and overcrowding.
A new automatic video surveillance support system was therefore tested in the underground station at the Termini interchange. The surveillance system is based on the application of a computerised image processor based on complex software, and provides support to the traditional CCTV system, which allowed only direct manual management by the operator. It allows for the automatic detection of overcrowding and congestion in semi-open areas of high human activity (such as station access or ticketing halls) and on platforms; and can be used to spot intrusions, unusual lingering and abandoned objects.