The city has road and rail links with the Hungarian capital, Budapest, as well as with cities in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
The transition period resulted in a huge demand for both private car parking spaces and public transport, as the number of cars and the number of tourists and students increased rapidly. Pecs has a number of overall transport objectives, including improving air quality, improving environmental living circumstances and reducing the use of fossil fuels.
The main focus for Pecs in CIVITAS I was to introduce a car-free zone in combination with a zone-model parking system with limited time parking and higher parking fees. Vehicle access to the city centre was limited in order to reduce air and noise pollution, resulting in a reduction in traffic and increased use of public transport.