Niksic is the second largest town in Montenegro, and the Municipality of Niksic as the largest one in the country and has more than 70 000 inhabitants. The city’s favourable geographical position and natural conditions have made it the crossroads for connecting the mountain, central region and coastal part of the country. It is about 30 kilometers of air distance far from the Adriatic Sea. Keeping in mind the proximity of airports in Tivat and Podgorica, Nikšić plays an important role in linking the coastal and northern region of the country.
Although Nikšić area has seen human settlements since antiquity, most of the modern Nikšić is a planned city. Very little remains of the Ottoman architectural heritage, despite the long presence of Ottoman Empire in the area. The city layout visible today still follows the 1883 urban plan commissioned by King Nicholas and designed by Croatian architect Josip Slade. According to this plan, the streets of Nikšić radiate to the north and east from the central city square . The radial streets are intersected by circumferential streets and avenues, thus creating a half-spider web-like street layout.
Road network consisting of major, regional, local and category roads. The Nikšić-Podgorica railway (56,6 km long) was built in 1948 and thoroughly reconstructed and electrified in 2006-2012 period, with passenger service reintroduced. Pedestrian corridors have been established in the city centre where walking is popular. Although the cycling infrastructure is not sufficiently developed, there are initiatives for its expansion.
Within CIVITAS CAPITAL project Niksic have focused on improvement mobility planning by implementing measures which promotes safe and secure school zones and walking and cycling amongst all space users. The initiative has the added advantages of reducing fuel consumption and encouraging people to walk or cycle instead of driving.
Niksic faces with the lack of public transport as the big obstacle to sustainability. Train and regional bus services are not integrated and do not operate inside the city and the public transport of passengers is provided as the bus suburban transport and the taxi service. According the traffic counts, for drivers an absolutely dominant vehicle is car (89%).