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Ljubljana, capital of the Republic of Slovenia, is an important political, cultural, and economic center. It has more than 265,000 inhabitants, as a regional center Ljubljana population rises over 500,000. Lying at the main transport crossroads in Slovenia, Ljubljana is facing steady traffic growth and increasing number of daily commuters.

With its 265.000 inhabitants, and the total area of 271.67 km²  the capital of Slovenia national and regional centre, Ljubljana, is considered to be among the smaller  European cities. It is situated at a European crossroads of transportation links and influences, where foreign interests overlapped in this, as well as in previous centuries.

Its geo-political situation has not changed since independence, except for the role of the capital city, where the headquarters of the main national agencies and other important national institutions, diplomatic and consular missions, University (over 55 000  students in the city) and cultural centres can be found. The core of the city is the old centre with narrow streets and castle hill with many cultural events specially Summer festival taking place from July until September. Ljubljana is a city of culture and it is home to numerous theatres, museums and galleries, and boasts one of the oldest
philharmonic orchestras in the world. Ljubljana is a city of beautiful and interesting bridges, especially the Triple bridges connecting the main square and Presern square.

Urban density is very high in old city where 27.000 people live in are of 5 km². Otherwise urban density in the municipality is 960 people/ km2. Modal split is 80:20 in favour of private vehicles.
Airport Brnik is situated about 25 km from the city. Ljubljana has a negative net migration (cca 300 per/year), while in the surrounding municipalities the net migration is positive. 

Ljubljana also has a special role as the bearer of economic and other developments; it has a concentration of human resources and scientific potential in the Ljubljana region. Ljubljana is a strong economic centre, with one third of all capital and about 25 per cent of employed people in Slovenia. It creates over a third of all trade, so that with its economic potential it strongly influences the dynamics of the region and the entire Slovene economy.