The modal split in Izmir in 2005 showed 68 percent favour the bus; 10 percent the Light Rail Transit; 4 percent the sea bus and ferry; 0.3 percent the rail and 16 percent the car.
Currently there is no readily available data on Izmir’s transport policy, and negligible data is available concerning its mobility strategy or plans. Nevertheless, a co-ordinated approach to transport was introduced to İzmir in 1999, a first for Turkey. A body known as UKOME (which roughly stands for Center for Coordination of Transportation) gives strategic direction to metro, bus and ferry services, as well as to road developments.
All major districts are covered by the city’s dense bus network while İzmir's twenty-four ferries shuttle across the gulf of Izmir between eight quays. Special lines operate during summer, servicing holiday makers. An 11.6 km long metro line was opened in 2000, and carries about 30 million passengers per year. An ambitious expansion is planned for another 80 km line between the Alağa district in the north, where an oil refinery and its port are located, and the Menderes district in the south, in order to reach and serve the airport. The line will comprise 31 stations and the full ride between the two ends will take 86 minutes. The metropolis already enjoys an integrated ticketing/card system.
Currently there is no data available regarding the challenges Izmir faces in implementing its urban mobility measures, nor on the partnerships it relies upon.
Summary finalized: September 2011