In the City of Göteborg there was a large quantity of distribution transport and transport through the city. An increase in the quantity of both distribution and transit transports was predicted, which would cause major problems for the city and the traffic planners, from both a health and a congestion aspect. To be able to comply with the European Air Quality Norms, which would be legally binding from January 1st 2006, it was necessary to decrease the emissions from heavy traffic. The solution to the traffic congestion and the increased traffic pollution was a mixture of mobility management and technology, where this demonstration focused on the latter.
This demonstration measure aimed at improving the air quality of the city of Göteborg by decreasing emissions of NOx and particles for heavy traffic and distribution by creating opportunities for environmentally sound transport. The objectives of the measure were:
- to promote alternative fuel technology; and
- to influence the private sector to choose CNG/CBG vehicles.
This choice should have been easy to make as CNG/CBG is a cheap fuel, but the NGVs were unfortunately more expensive than conventional (diesel) vehicles.