The aim of the measure was to find new and innovative approaches for improving traffic safety on crosswalks in Tallinn. For that reason an analysis on traffic accident statistics was done and citizens of Tallinn were asked to point out dangerous crosswalks in a survey. Then five new non-traditional solutions (described below) were selected and implemented in certain suitable locations – the solutions 1-4 all in only one location and the solution 5 in 10 crosswalks along one street section. The selection of solutions was based on a series of meetings of traffic experts from Tallinn City and Tallinn University of Technology.
The main objectives of the measure are to:
- Improve safety at pedestrian crossings and on bicycle tracks;
- Decrease the number of accidents between vehicles and pedestrians or cyclists;
- Make pedestrians and cyclists feel safer in urban traffic; and
- Foster a safe-driving culture.
Tallinn has approximately 2300 pedestrian crosswalks (derived from the number of traffic signs) including regulated crosswalks. The number of pedestrians, cyclists and roller-skaters had been rising in Tallinn together with a growth in traffic volumes. Unless focused, this could have lead to a growth in the number of accidents between cars, pedestrians and cyclists.
Tallinn expects: • A 15 percent decrease in the number of accidents where bicycle tracks cross roads and at pedestrian crossings; and • A 20 percent increase in satisfaction among light traffic users.
The innovative aspect of this measure was to test new technical solutions to mark crosswalks to make them safer: new types of signs and reflectors, new sensors and programming principles for traffic lights.