The innovation of this measure is very relevant because will contribute to a greater sustainability of local and regional of PT. More precisely, the study proposes the introduction of an innovative transport solution (electric vehicles) that is unique in the region (car-sharing) and which will imply the direct involvement of the Municipality and the Urban public PT operator (SMTUC) thus promoting the integration with the rest of the public transport services and products and improving the use of the Municipal PT fleet..
The feasibility study prepared within the CIVITAS MODERN period concluded that this measure is feasible at a relatively low cost and has the potential to generate revenues that support the operation and permit the gradual recovery of the investment.
The results of the measure indicate that in a short period of time the operational car-sharing system could generate positive impacts over the balance between the operating revenues and the operating costs (+ 0.04 €/vkm), the vehicle fuel efficiency (-0,84 MJ/vkm), and vehicle fuel emissions (-10 ton CO2 per year).
The development of the study demonstrates that:
• car sharing services are very important in cities that want to have an integrated mobility system, being an important complement to the public transport network.
• If institutional fleets are to be used in supplying the system, a previous assessment of the car usage by the current users of the fleet is strongly recommended.
• launching the service with the use of a reduced fleet, based on comparisons with the usage of similar services in other cities, is a good alternative to launching of a large scale service based on expensive and unrealistic demand potential assessments through surveys.
• The involvement or commitment of the key decision-makers in the implementation of a new system, especially in certain cultural settings or where there is a general lack of knowledge, is very important in order to identify problems and anticipate recovery actions, e.g., to avoid delays or irreversible consequences.