Heavy goods vehicles (HGV) are important for daily life in the city centre. However, they are a major contributor to negative impacts from the transport sector, especially when concerning particular emissions. Aalborg’s environmental zone requires minimum standards for HGVs (heavier than 3.5 tonnes) and vans. An analysis from 2005 showed that such an environmental zone will reduce CO, HC and NOx emissions from HGVs by 25 percent and PM emissions by 20 percent. For vans, emission reductions will vary between 30 and 60 percent.
The main objective of the measure is to:
- Minimise negative environmental impacts from freight transport in the city centre.
Legislation for environmental zones in the major Danish cities was approved in January 2007. Yet, a number of practical problems had to be solved before the first environmental zone could be implemented. In many Danish cities, weak relations with freight operators pose obstacles, as well. Freight operators in Aalborg share a favourable attitude towards limiting heavy traffic in the city centre because of their positive experience with previous projects in the city.