Ústí nad Labem is located at a railway junction on the important waterway Elbe, and in the near future, it will be fully connected to the major motorway D8 that links Prague with Dresden. However, as a result, there is a large volume of freight related noise, which the city aims to reduce. The city’s industrial centre is constantly busy with freight transport, which contributes to the ever increasing noise levels. To gain a better understanding of the impact of this noise and how it can be reduced, Ústí nad Labem conducted a study to identify measures to reduce road noise within the CIVITAS plus corridor. Based on the results, tools suitable for reducing noise from traffic on local roads were selected. They cover traffic planning and management, construction and technical solutions. In accordance with traffic reduction proposals, a plan for efficient distribution of goods in the city was designed.
Currently, integration of urban logistics in Ústí nad Labem is an issue with many influencing factors. Primarily, the city is a competitive environment. Due to large number of businesses (reception points for supplies) on a relatively small area in the city centre, transport performance of supply vehicles is significant. Each shop and each supplier have their own logistic organisation. In practice, every recipient in the city addresses supply separately, either by own logistics architecture or in combination with transport carried out by distributors. This situation results in a large number of trips performed in the city often by large vehicles serving more reception points. Small operators are supplied with smaller vehicles (light trucks, vans or passenger cars), serving mostly only one recipient and thus increasing number of performed trips. Furthermore, there are traffic flows leading through the centre of Ústí nad Labem, which do not have either source or destination in the territory, nor is utility value added to these goods.