Brno is the political and cultural hub of the southern Moravia region within a two hundred kilometre radius of Prague, Vienna and Bratislava. It hosts national courts of justice, the internationally renowned Brno Exhibition Centre, and universities where more than 80,000 students study. The city has a long tradition as an industrial centre but is turning more and more towards service industries and research. Through the construction of new buildings, most notably the Tugendhat Villa that has been granted UNESCO world heritage status, Brno has acquired the character of a modern city.
Brno has a very well developed public transport system. The tram and trolleybus, an electric bus that draws electricity from overhead wires, are its low-polluting backbone. Brno has the largest trolleybus network in Europe consisting of 140 vehicles that cover routes of 94 kilometres and transport 45 million passengers a year. To divert traffic from the city centre, a new international railway junction project and the development of the city ring road are underway. Brno has also created cycling and pedestrian zones in the centre.
At 57 percent (data from Modal Split 2012 survey), the modal share of public transport remains relatively high in Brno. Yet, the city is witnessing a slow decline. Another challenge Brno needs to address are the changing needs of the city’s shrinking and ageing population. Furthermore, it needs to ensure that new residential areas have access to sustainable modes of transport. Brno wants to address these issues while seeking solutions to make its transport system more sustainable.
The primary goal of the Brno’s participation in CIVITAS ELAN was to enhance the quality of public transport and lead more people to make use of the services. Since the start of the project, Brno has equipped all ticket vending machines with a system that automatically alerts the control centre of any defects, so they can be fixed promptly. Customised travel information has been working on to make public transport more appealing. In response to an ageing population, Brno introduced new low-floor minibuses that allow people in wheelchairs easier access. Brno also wanted to upgrade its public transport fleet to make it less polluting and more energy efficient. It has for example installed a heating regulation system in trams and trolleybuses to optimise energy consumption. Brno saw a unique opportunity in the international collaboration to learn how to better respond to citizens’ mobility needs. To this end, the city entered into a comprehensive mobility dialogue with its citizens that kicked off with the first marketing survey in July 2010. Since that this survey took place every year. The results of the survey were incorporated into the transport plan for respective years.
- Modal Split for work/school commuters slightly changed towards car and bike use – From 2010 to 2012 the share of people using individual car transport from 27 % to 36 %. Also the share of cycling increased from 1 % to 4 %. Walking and public transport decreased. Despite this evolution, the share of public transport is still high (62 %). The CIVITAS ELAN measures had rather limited overall impact on the modal split.
- Gaining insight into travel behaviour of Brno citizens and commuters as a basis for future initiatives – The surveys provide detailed information on the current travel behaviour in and towards Brno and on the recent evolution and changes. Important figures are e.g. the following: A total of 79 % of people living or working Brno commute to work or school. Most of them (62 %) use public transport, 36 % use individual cars. Unlike the trips to work/school when public transport is used most, for the rest of the time (during work/school, leisure time, weekends) people much more often walk (short distances) or use cars (longer distances). The CIVITAS ELAN surveys created a good basis for future initiatives and a consistent overall monitoring of the mobility situation.
- No increase of air pollution observed - Decrease of air pollution burden was not proved by measuring of monitored indicators concentrations. Monitored pollutants concentrations show significant correlation with climatic characteristics (temperature, wind intensity), in particular in winter period.
In Brno all measures continue after the end of the CIVITAS ELAN project in September 2012.
Brno was successful in next CIVITAS Plus II Call and from 2013 CIVITAS 2MOVE2 starts its implementation.
More information can be found on Brno CIVITAS website.