Increasing the use of alternative fuels and of clean and energy-efficient vehicles as well as enhancing their integration into the urban transport system are key to reducing local air and noise pollution. These measures also curb global greenhouse gas emissions, contribute to the health of citizens and decrease dependency on fossil fuels.
In the field of clean fuels and vehicles CIVITAS cities have worked on clean fuels and fuelling infrastructure; hybrid, clean and electric vehicles and cleaner fleets. This highlight focuses on the last of these.
CIVITAS supports several aspects of the implementation of cleaner fleets, including feasibility studies and analyses of needed legal and institutional frameworks. To enhance the positive effects of a cleaner fleet, the introduction of clean vehicles can be accompanied by the establishment of environmental zones; incentives such as reduced parking fees for drivers of cleaner vehicles; marketing campaigns; and eco-driving courses for clean vehicle drivers.
Experiences have shown that introducing cleaner vehicles and fuels in a city can take up to four years. This may seem like a long time, but after implementation of the measure the benefits can be seen immediately: better air quality, enhanced image of public transport,etc.
CIVITAS aims to accelerate the uptake of clean vehicles in captive fleets. The CIVITAS Initiative has therefore realised 66 measures in 43 different cities in this field from 2002 to 2012. This highlight features some of the most successful and eye-catching among these to inspire other European cities.
|Developing a clean municipal fleet||Malmö||SMILE||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Creating a biodiesel bus fleet||Graz||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Biodiesel taxi fleet and service station||Graz||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Introducing clean public transport buses||La Rochelle||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Introducing trucks powered by compressed natural gas||Berlin||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Promoting compressed natural gas vehicles for private use||Bremen||VIVALDI||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Biofuel use by Cork City Council||Cork||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Testing cleaner buses||Preston||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Converting buses to run on liquefied petroleum gas||Ploiesti||SUCCESS||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Support for clean fuel and clean public and private fleets||Burgos||CARAVEL||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Energy-efficient trams and trolleybuses (Bucharest)||Bucharest||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Transition towards a clean vehicle fleet including water-bound transport||Genova||CARAVEL||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Introducing clean waste collection vehicles||Göteborg||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Creating a clean municipal fleet with electric and compressed natural gas vehicles||Lille||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Introducing biogas buses into the public transport fleet||Lille||TRENDSETTER||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Clean vehicle accreditation scheme Motorvate||Winchester||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|