Increasing the use of alternative fuels and of clean and energy-efficient vehicles as well as enhancing their integration into the urban transport system are key to reducing local air and noise pollution. These measures also curb global greenhouse gas emissions, contribute to the health of citizens and decrease dependency on fossil fuels.
In the field of clean fuels and vehicles CIVITAS cities have worked on clean fuels and fuelling infrastructure; hybrid, clean and electric vehicles and cleaner fleets. This highlight focuses on the last of these.
CIVITAS supports several aspects of the implementation of cleaner fleets, including feasibility studies and analyses of needed legal and institutional frameworks. To enhance the positive effects of a cleaner fleet, the introduction of clean vehicles can be accompanied by the establishment of environmental zones; incentives such as reduced parking fees for drivers of cleaner vehicles; marketing campaigns; and eco-driving courses for clean vehicle drivers.
Experiences have shown that introducing cleaner vehicles and fuels in a city can take up to four years. This may seem like a long time, but after implementation of the measure the benefits can be seen immediately: better air quality, enhanced image of public transport,etc.
CIVITAS aims to accelerate the uptake of clean vehicles in captive fleets. The CIVITAS Initiative has therefore realised 66 measures in 43 different cities in this field from 2002 to 2012. This highlight features some of the most successful and eye-catching among these to inspire other European cities.
|Low carbon bus trial||Bath||RENAISSANCE||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Conversion of public transport diesel buses to CNG||Skopje||RENAISSANCE||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Clean fuel technology for the public transport fleet||Perugia||RENAISSANCE||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Retrofitting the service car fleet of the Municipality||Perugia||RENAISSANCE||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Clean and energy-efficient public transport fleet||Brescia||MODERN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Improved public transport service levels||Ghent||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Semi-public clean car fleet||Ghent||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Upgrading the city car fleet||Ghent||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Clean public transport strategies||Ghent||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Light-weight bus shuttle||Porto||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Energy-recovery system for trams||Zagreb||ELAN||2008-2012 - CIVITAS PLUS|
|Clean public and private transport fleets||Rotterdam||TELLUS||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Developing a new clean public transport fleet||Nantes||VIVALDI||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Introducing clean vehicles into the urban bus fleet||Potenza||SMILE||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|
|Buses operating on compressed natural gas||Barcelona||MIRACLES||2002-2006 - CIVITAS I|
|Adapting the university hospital’s fleet||Malmö||SMILE||2005-2009 - CIVITAS II|