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Living Lab - Kos

The island of Kos is located in the southeast of the Aegean Sea, close to the borders with Turkey. It is called “the island of Hippocrates” due to the fact that is the birthplace of the father of medicine. With a population of 33.388 inhabitants (2011 census) Kos is considered to be one of the biggest Greek islands (the third biggest after Rhodes and Karpathos among Dodecanese islands). Almost 60% of the population lives in the city of Kos.

Kos Today

Urban transport in the city of Kos is covered by public transport services (Municipal Transportation Services-City Bus), comprising of a vehicle fleet of 11 buses. All the vehicles are equipped with GPS sensors, while a study to develop an electronic information system for the passengers inside the buses has been conducted and will get implemented when funding will be available. Among the inhabited areas, transportation is enabled by 22 buses (Local Bus Service Routes-KTEL) operating at island level. Interestingly, Kos is also called “the island of bicycle”, with a bike-lanes network of 15 km. Biking has become the most common way for tourists and a very large number of residents to move in the city of Kos. The next challenge for the city is to expand this network at island level and connect it to the main transport facilities. Moreover, Kos aspires to develop a SUMP, for which it has already obtained national funding, and to integrate with international networks in order to innovate in sustainable mobility.


Alexia Spyridonidou
Consultank to Kos Municipality